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- Department of:
- Adena Regional Medical Center
Call the Adena Spine Center today at 740-779-7100 or request an appointment online.
Nerve impingement (Radiculopathy). When an injury or condition puts pressure on a nerve root in the spine, it can cause tingling, numbness, weakness or pain to radiate out along the nerve pathway. The nerve that is being “pinched” determines whether symptoms are felt in the leg, toes, arm wrist, fingers, chest, abdomen or buttocks. Nerve impingement can be caused by a herniated disc, spinal stenosis, scoliosis, tumor, trauma, bone spurs or a disease that limits blood flow to the spinal nerves, such as diabetes.
Disc herniation. The discs in the spine are the shock absorbers between the vertebrae. They have an outer ring of rubbery cartilage and a softer, inner center that can leak if the outer cartilage becomes cracked. People sometimes refer to this as a slipped or ruptured disc. The herniated disc can irritate the spinal nerves, which can lead to pain, weakness or numbness in one or both legs.
Acute and Chronic Back Pain. Acute back pain typically arises from a fall or lifting something heavy. Acute back pain develops quickly but goes away within six weeks, often treated with rest, cold and/or heat, medications, physical therapy, or injections. Chronic back pain typically occurs after an injury or due to arthritis. Chronic back pain persists for more than three months. Back pain should be treated first with conservative, non-surgical treatments, such as steroidal injections and physical therapy. Less than 20 percent of patients with back pain require surgery.
Bulging Disc. A bulging or herniated disc occurs when the cartilage pushes into the spinal cord or nerve root as a result of discs that have degenerated, aged, and/or become weakened.
Sciatica. When a bulging disc puts pressure on the sciatic nerve, numbness, pain, or a shock-like feeling can occur in the lower back, buttock, and down one leg.
Degenerative disc disease. This actually is not always a disease, but can be part of the normal aging of the spinal discs over time. The discs become less flexible and break down with age. The discs can develop small tears and cracks and lose fluid. Sometimes, an acute injury causes a herniated disc that starts the degeneration process.
Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction. Originating in the sacroiliac joint – where the spine and pelvis connect – SI joint dysfunction is often mistaken for other spine conditions. Up to 25 percent of all lower back pain can be attributed to the sacroiliac joint, according to a number of studies. SI joint dysfunction causes pain in the upper buttock and may permeate to the groin or thigh. It is typically accompanied by lower back pain. The pain often worsens with sitting, sleeping, climbing stairs, or squatting. Injury to the SI joints, fusion of the lower back, pregnancy, and uneven leg length are common causes of SI joint dysfunction. For the majority of people, rest, physical therapy, medications, and injections provide optimal treatment.
Spinal stenosis. The spinal column narrows, usually in the lower back or in the neck, compressing the nerves and spinal cord causing pain, numbness or weakness. It is most common in people over the age of 50 as the result of osteoarthritis or age related changes to the spine, but anyone who’s had a spine injury is at risk.
Spinal fractures. Caused by trauma or other conditions that weaken the vertebrae, such as osteoporosis or tumors, spinal fractures are particularly concerning because bone fragments from the fracture can damage spinal nerves or the spinal column. They are more common in older adults, particularly postmenopausal women.
Scoliosis. This is an excessive S-shaped or C-shaped curve of the spine that may be present at birth (congenital), caused by a nervous system disorder (neuromuscular) or occur for no known reason (idiopathic). Symptoms include low back pain, fatigue, uneven hips or shoulders. The type that occurs in teenagers or young adults is more common in girls than in boys and often gets worse during a growth spurt. The treatment depends upon the severity and location of the curve, whether a person is still growing and the cause. However, scoliosis can also occur in older adults due to age related changes in the spine.
Kyphosis. This curvature causes a noticeable rounding of the back, leading to slouching posture or a humpback appearance. It is usually caused by degenerative spine diseases that wedge several vertebrae together. This frequently occurs from arthritis, degenerative disc disease, osteoporosis or spinal trauma.
If you have persistent back pain or suspect you have a spinal condition, get an evaluation at the spine center by calling 740-779-7100 or request an appointment online.
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Adena Bone and Joint Center
- Department of:
- Adena Regional Medical Center
Our facilities are located throughout southern Ohio to make it easier for you to find outstanding and convenient care, close to home.Show More
Adena Health Center Washington Court House
308 Highland Avenue, Suite C
Washington Court House, OH 43160