Rashes affect the texture and color of the skin and can appear in any area at any given time. Rashes are common and can be caused by a series of factors and medical conditions.
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Rashes are common outbreaks of skin inflammation and discoloration that alters the way the skin looks and feels. Skin rashes can occur as a result of a variety of factors, including allergens, heat, medication reactions, and infections. Because of the abundance of rash causes, it is imperative for individuals with a sudden rash to contact Adena Dermatology immediately.
Call Adena Dermatology at (740) 779-8580 to schedule an appointment.
Skin Rash Risk Factors
While rashes often occur as a result of an infection or an allergic reaction, factors that may increase the likelihood of developing a rash include:
- Prolonged exposure to heat or irritants
- Allergic reaction (drug reaction, food or animal allergy)
- Insect bites (spider, mosquito, tick, flea, etc.)
- Certain medication reactions
In addition, various medical conditions can cause rashes to occur, including:
Signs and Symptoms of Rashes
Typically, the outbreak of a rash is one of the only signs that your body may be fighting an allergic reaction or infection. The appearance of a rash may vary greatly depending on the cause and the portion of the body affected. Some of the most common signs and symptoms include:
- Red, itchy patches of raised bumps most commonly found on the elbows, back of the knees, cheeks, neck, wrists, and ankles. A red, patchy rash may indicate eczema, a chronic skin condition that causes inflammation in the skin
- Small patches of fine, itchy, scaly skin. This type of rash generally appears first as a single patch on the chest, abdomen, or back and may be caused by pityriasis rosea
- Bumpy, scaly flakes of silvery skin that may scale and fall off. This type of rash is most commonly found on the scalp, elbows, and knees and may indicate psoriasis, a chronic skin condition in which the skin cells develop too rapidly
- Symmetrical rashes that appear throughout the entire body. This type of rash may indicate a viral infection and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, or nausea
- Itchy red bumps that develop very quickly and then resolve within eight hours of onset. This type of sudden rash is typically a symptom of hives, which is an allergic reaction.
Because there are many conditions and reactions that may cause a rash, a proper assessment by the team at Adena Dermatology is necessary to properly diagnose the issue. Skin rashes typically indicate an underlying condition and should be treated immediately.
Skin Rash Diagnosis and Treatment
If you have developed a sudden rash, you should see your doctor or go to a clinic or urgent care facility. Your physician may ask questions about recent contact with chemicals, plants, cosmetics, new medications, or any possible products or items that may have caused an allergic reaction. Your doctor is also likely to examine the density, color, size, consistency, tenderness, shape, and even temperature of your rash. In addition, your doctor may ask about your recent activities to help eliminate causes such as heat or contact dermatitis. If your rash is symmetrical and has spread throughout your body, your physician may order lab tests to rule out infections that could be causing an external rash.
Based on the cause of your rash, your dermatologist may recommend certain over-the-counter medications including anti-itch hydrocortisone creams, oral antihistamines such as Benadryl®, and/or topical antifungal medications if the rash is caused by a specific fungus. Your doctor may prescribe other types of topical and oral medications if the rash is caused by an infection.
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