One of the most common surgeries performed in the US, hernias affect all ages and genders

A hernia occurs when a part of an organ or tissue protrudes through weakened muscles or the abdominal wall. The vast majority of hernias occur in the groin, abdomen, or upper thigh. Hernias often appear as a bump and can be more pronounced or painful with coughing, lifting, or bending over. More than 20 million hernia repairs are performed worldwide annually.  While the majority of hernias occur in men, women and children can also develop hernias.

Hernia Risk Factors

The origin of a hernia is not always known. However, people with the following risk factors may be more prone to developing hernias, according to the American College of Surgeons. The majority of risk factors cause weakening of the abdominal muscles, which can provide the opportunity for hernias to develop.

  • Obesity
  • Older age
  • Abrupt twists, pulls or strains
  • Chronic straining
  • Connective tissue disorders
  • Pregnancy
  • Family history

Hernia Symptoms

The most common symptom of a hernia is a bulge in the abdominal area, groin, or scrotum. Other symptoms include pain, pressure, or numbness near the affected area. Vomiting and sharp abdominal pain main be indications of a incarcerated hernia. Learn more about the types of hernias here.

Hernia Diagnosis and Treatment

Hernias are typically diagnosed through a physical exam. Other tests, such as blood tests, urinalysis, and CT scans, may be performed as well. Treatment for hernias offered at Adena Health System include minimally-invasive robotic-assisted surgery (laparoscopic) and open surgery. While lifestyle changes may be suggested for severely obese patients before surgery is recommended, most hernias require surgery.

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