Understand the types and symptoms of heart disease
- Department of:
- Adena Regional Medical Center
Heart disease comes in many shapes and forms. Understanding the differences and can help you recognize symptoms and know when to seek treatment.
At the Adena Heart and Vascular Center, we provide the highest level of heart care in Ohio and rank in the top 10 percent of all heart hospitals nationally. You can rest assured that your heart is in good hands at Adena.
For more information, call 740-779-4570 or find an Adena cardiologist.
Coronary artery disease (CAD)/Coronary heart disease (CHD)
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also know as coronary heart disease (CHD), is the most common type of heart disease. It occurs when plaque builds up in the arteries supplying blood to the heart. Angina, which causes chest pain due to the lack of blood to the heart, is the most common symptom of CAD. Other symptoms of CAD include fatigue and shortness of breath. CAD can lead to a heart attack.
The leading killer of both men and women in the US, a heart attack occurs when a blockage prevents the flow of blood to the heart, resulting in a lack of oxygen. If not treated quickly, the heart muscle will begin to die. Heart attacks can display different symptoms for both men and women. Understand the signs of a heart attack.
Heart failure results when the heart cannot pump sufficiently to push enough blood to the body. Developing over time, heart failure is often caused by coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, or diabetes. Nearly 6 million Americans suffer from heart failure. Signs of heart failure include shortness of breath after exertion or when lying down, fatigue or weakness, and/or swelling in your legs or ankles.
Arrhythmia (rhythm problems)
Heart arrhythmias are characterized by any changes in the normal heart beat – also referred to as rhythm or electrical impulses. While the majority of arrhythmias are harmless, others may lead to a lack of blood to the brain, heart, and other organs and cause damage. Common types of arrhythmias include:
- Atrial fibrillation – Occurs when rapid electrical signals cause the atria, the upper chambers of the heart, to contract quickly and irregularly. A-fib is a leading cause of stroke and almost always requires treatment.
- Premature beats – Often felt like a skipped heartbeat or flutter in the chest these arrhythmias rarely need treatment.
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