Diabetes Risk

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1 in 10 adults in the United States have diabetes.

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One quarter of all adults over the age of 65 are diabetic.

Nearly 2 million new people in the U.S. are diagnosed with diabetes every year, but it is estimated that 7 million are undiagnosed.

Diabetes has been linked to heart disease and stroke, high blood pressure, blindness, kidney disease, amputation and death. It is important for adults to be screened for diabetes every three years beginning at age 45, especially adults who are overweight or have other risk factors, such as high blood pressure, a family history of diabetes, or low HDL cholesterol and high triglycerides. Certain racial and ethnic groups, (non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanic/Latino Americans, Asian Americans and American Indians) have a greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Here are the most common diabetes screenings:

Test Fasting Required Goal What does it test?

  • Fasting Plasma Glucose test (FPG) yes
  • Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) yes
  • Random Blood Glucose Test no 70-130 mg/dL before meals
  • A1C no <5.6% measures glucose in the blood over long periods of time

Source: American Diabetes Association

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