Controlling your diabetes can prevent long-term health problems

Need help finding a Primary Care Provider to help manage your diabetes? Search online or call 740-779-FIND (3463).

Lifestyle changes, including eating a healthier diet, losing weight and getting regular exercise, are the first steps to managing your diabetes. Indeed, these steps alone can reverse pre-diabetes in many people. But for some, lifestyle changes won’t be enough and medications will be needed.

There are many different diabetes medications. Medicine changes are common the longer you have diabetes. Many of these medicines can be used individually or in combination to achieve the best control of the condition. Here are some of the general classes of diabetes medicines:


People with Type 1 diabetes need insulin to live.  People with Type 2 and gestational diabetes also sometimes need insulin therapy. 

There are over 20 different kinds of insulin available. Insulin’s vary how they are made, how they work in the body, and how much they cost. Depending on your needs, your doctor can prescribe insulin that will work best for you and your lifestyle.

Insulin can only be given with injection, not by mouth or with a patch.  Injections of insulin can be done using a syringe or pen device.  Sometimes doctors will have patients use an insulin pump as a way to deliver the insulin. Learn more about insulin pumps.

Oral and other medications for diabetes

There is not one best “Pill” or treatment for diabetes.  These medications lower blood sugars using several different methods.  Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about what medication or combination of medications are the best for you.


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